Hemp oil is made by heating (and thus igniting) hemp in “carrier oil”. Cannabinoids such as CBD and THC, the most active ingredients in cannabis, are both hydrophobic. This means that they do not like water, and in fact, are repulsed by water molecules. On the other hand, both CBD and THC are fat-soluble. They like to bind to fatty acid molecules – such as those found in oils. When cannabis is added to oil, the THC and CBD molecules release buds or plant material and combine with the oil instead.
Different types of oils can be used to make hemp oil. However, coconut oil and olive oil are the most popular and common. Both coconut oil and olive oil are very nutritious for a pleasant taste and for the skin, making them a versatile option for medicinal or topical applications. In addition, they both have natural antifungal and antimicrobial properties. It helps prevent mold and prolongs the shelf life of your cannabis oil. Coconut oil is high in saturated fat, which can bind fat-loving cannabinoids more easily than olive oil.
What is the best oil for making hemp oil?
When considering which oil to use with hemp, it really depends on personal preference. When the oil is mixed with crushed, decarboxylated cannabis plant material and heated, cannabinoids and terpenes combine with the oil.
Olive oil is a very popular oil to use, as is coconut oil. The only thing that matters is the consistency of the final product. Hemp-filled olive oil will be thinner and smoother, while coconut oil will have a better chance of solidifying at room temperature.
Coconut oil is a great option as it can be used as a part of cannabis edible recipes as well as a dual purpose.
Cost is a big factor, not all oils are the same. If you have only one type of oil that you can afford and it is readily available in your area, it will work with cannabis flowers just like any other type of cooking oil.
Hemp oil synthesis
Whether you want to learn how to make cannabis oil in large or small batches, this simple recipe works. You can double or triple the amount of hemp as long as you maintain a 1: 1 oil ratio with hemp.
For that matter, if you want to make a small batch, probably because you don’t have a cannabis flower to use, the 1: 1 approach works even in these situations.
A large batch will obviously need a large slow cooker or a crackpot. Also, later cleaning duties will be higher, a larger container or more containers will be needed to store the final product, and this process takes longer during the cheesecloth phase.
Equipment you will need:
1 cup of hemp flower.
1 cup oil
Containers for storing finished products.
Step 1 – First you want to grind the hemp flower. Once the cannabis has come to the top of the flowers, you will want to deckbox it. Decarboxylation activates some of the cannabinoids present in the flower, and helps ensure that the manufacturer makes the most of the cannabis flower. This is very easy to do – place the ground hemp on a cookie sheet and bake it in the oven at 260 degrees Fahrenheit for 45 minutes.
Step 2– Place the decarbed flower in a slow cooker with oil and leave it for 6-8 hours, stirring occasionally. Keep in mind that wherever you open a slow cooker to move the mixture, it smells a little, so do it in an open window or in a well-ventilated place. The long end of the time frame is preferred, however, it really depends on how much time you have. The more you let it boil, the longer the cannabinoids and terpenes will have to be added to the oil. Hypothetically, you can let it boil for 30 minutes and it will provide some level of efficacy, however, it will be more useful if you leave it for 8 hours.
Step 3 – Take the mixture out of the slow cooker and run it through the cheese cloth so that the plant material can be separated from the oil. You do not want to be frustrated if you cannot get the right pitch so invest in a good capo. Conversely, you don’t want to wait for it to become room temperature, as it will be difficult to separate the oil from the plant material. Waiting about 30 minutes is a good strategy, even if it depends on the situation, so proceed with caution to avoid burns. Allowing the mixture to drip from the cheese cloth into the container or into multiple containers is beyond the duty of cleaning. Glass Mason Jar is a great option for storage.
Other factors to consider
Strength: One of the biggest factors to consider when making hemp oil is finding strength or the ideal diet. Different users and patients have different tolerance levels and needs.
Novices and those who are resuming cannabis use after a long hiatus will want to stick to something that is less powerful than most users or cannabis patients who need extra to treat their condition. Power is needed.
The type of cannabis flower used will play a big role in this. In particular, the amount of THC in flowers. If you want less energy, use flowers that are low in THC, and, of course, use something more THC if you want something stronger.
If you are a novice and the final product is very strong, you can always reduce it by adding more non-hemp oil to the finished product to make it less powerful.
If you are at the opposite end of the spectrum, keep in mind that there is no way to make the final product more powerful.
Storage: Another important factor to consider is storage. However, hemp oil is a food product, so you’ll want to keep it refrigerated. This is especially important if you are building a large batch.