High Blood Pressure: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Prevention

Intrdoduction Of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure occurs when your blood pressure rises to toxic levels. The blood pressure measurement takes into account the amount of blood flowing through the blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood experiences while the heart is pumping.

Narrow arteries provide resistance. The closer your blood vessels, the more formidable your BP. In the long run, the increased pressure can lead to health problems, including heart disease.

Hypertension is quite common. With the recently amended guidelines, almost half of American adults are now expected to be diagnosed with this condition.

Hypertension usually develops over several years. You usually don’t notice any symptoms. But even externally symptoms, high blood pressure can break blood veins and organs, especially the brain, eyes, heart, and kidneys.

Early detection is important. Regular blood pressure measurements can help you and your doctor notices any changes.

If your BP is elevated, your doctor may ask you to monitor your blood pressure for several weeks to see if it remains elevated or returns to a normal level.

Treatment for hypertension involves direction medications and healthy lifestyle transformations. If left untreated, the condition can lead to health problems, such as heart attack and stroke.

Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

If your blood pressure is much high, there may be specific symptoms to look out for, including:

  • Chest pain
  • Difficult breathing
  • Arrhythmia
  • Severe headache
  • Nose bleeding
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Eye problems
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blows to the chest, neck, or ears

People sometimes feel that other symptoms may be related to high BP, but they may not include:

  • Dizziness
  • Redness of the face
  • Bloodstains in the eyes
  • Nervousness
  • Perspiration
  • Sleep problems

Hypertension is generally a silent condition. Many people will not experience any symptoms.

It can take years or even decades for the condition to reach levels so severe that symptoms become apparent. Even then, these symptoms can be attributed to other problems.


There are two types of high blood pressure.

Primary (essential) Hypertension

There is no identifiable cause of high BP for most adults. This kind of high blood pressure, called (essential) hypertension, increases progressively over many years.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension often happens speedily and can become more severe than initial hypertension. Several conditions that can cause secondary hypertension include:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Certain abnormalities you are born with (congenital) in the blood vessels
  • Adrenal tumours
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, and some prescription medications
  • Kidney problem
  • Thyroid problems
  • Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines.

Treatment Options For High Blood Pressure

Several factors will help your doctor determine the best treatment option for you. These factors include the type of hypertension you have and the causes that have been identified.

Treatment Options For Primary Hypertension

If your doctor diagnoses primary hypertension, lifestyle changes can help lower your high blood pressure. If lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough or if they are no longer effective, your doctor can prescribe medications.

Treatment Options For Secondary Hypertension

If your doctor finds an underlying problem causing your hypertension, treatment will focus on that other condition. For example, if a medication you have begun using causes high blood pressure, your doctor will try other medicines that do not have this side effect.

Sometimes hypertension persists despite treatment for the underlying cause. In that case, your doctor can work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to lower yours BP.

Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve. What worked, in the beginning, may become less useful over time. Your doctor will continue to work with you to adjust your treatment.

How Is High Blood Pressure Diagnosed?

A visit to your doctor is the only way to know if you have high blood pressure. You must undergo a general medical check-up, including a review of your family’s medical history.

Your doctor will take several measurements of your blood pressure with a device called a blood pressure monitor and will perform some routine tests.

Doctors can tell if these blood vessels are thickened, narrowed, or burst, which could be a sign of high blood pressure.

Your doctor will also use a stethoscope to listen to your heart and the sound of blood flowing through your arteries. In some cases, a chest X-ray and an EKG may be required.


If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to reduce your risk for the disease and its complications.

Check Your Blood Pressure Regularly

The best way to avoid complications and prevent problems is to detect hypertension early. You can go to your doctor’s office to get your blood pressure checked, or your doctor may ask you to buy a blood pressure cuff and take measurements at home.

Keep track of your blood pressure readings and take them with you to your regular medical appointments. This can help your doctor identify potential problems before the disease progresses.

Include Healthy Foods In Your Diet

Work slowly until you eat more servings of heart-healthy plants. Try to eat more than seven servings of fruits and vegetables a day. Then try adding another serving per day for two weeks.

After those two weeks, try adding another serving. The goal is to have servings of fruits in vegetables per day that you consume them.

Adjust Your Opinion On The Normal Board

Instead of meat and three sides, prepare a dish that uses meat as a seasoning. In other words, instead of steak with salad, eat a larger salad and top it with a smaller portion of steak.

Set Weight Loss Goals

Instead of any arbitrary “weight loss” goal, talk to your doctor about a healthy weight for you. The trusted source from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends a weight loss goal of one to two pounds per week.

That means you start eating 500 fewer calories per day than you normally eat. Then decide what physical activity you can start with to achieve that goal.

If exercising five nights a week is too difficult to fit into your schedule, try one more night than you do now. If that fits comfortably into your schedule, add one more night.

Cut The Sugar

Try to cut sugar-sweetened foods like yogurt and cereals in flavoured sodas. Packaged foods hide unnecessary sugars, so read the labels.

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